Like other airport platforms in the world, at the President Modibo Keita-Senou International Airport in Bamako, there are many strategic state and private actors who exercise their activities independently of those of Mali Airports, the main manager of the platform. But, each in their area of expertise, under the coordination of the ADM, participates in the operation of the platform for the happiness of passengers or to ensure their safety and the safety of civil aviation. Who are they? Who does what?
Airports of Mali (ADM)
With all credit, honor, the first and main actor is the Airports of Mali (ADM). Its mission is to ensure the commercial management of airports, the coordination of activities on airport platforms, the development and improvement of the infrastructure entrusted to it.
The Agency for the Safety of Air Navigation in Africa and Madagascar (ASECNA)
Created on December 12, 1959, the Agency for the Safety of Air Navigation in Africa and Madagascar (ASECNA) is a public establishment with legal personality and enjoying financial autonomy, and brings together 18 Member States . As a true technical and secular arm of States for the development of air transport, ASECNA assists national civil aviation technical services in terms of training and capacity building.
ASECNA is also making significant investments enabling States to comply with international regulations in the field of air navigation.
In the member countries of the organization, there are two ASECNAs: ASECNA Representation which is the international party with which Mali has signed an agreement for the management of air navigation on the airports of Bamako and others at the interior of the country. The second is ASECNA Delegation. It deals with national aviation activities.
National aeronautical and metrological activities are entrusted to ASECNA, whose general manager delegates management to his representative.
Mali has 16 aeronautical stations, 23 aerodromes and 20 agro-metrological stations.
Governed by the Dakar Convention of October 25, 1974, the Agency for the Safety of Air Navigation in Africa and Madagascar (ASECNA) primarily carries out the community activities provided for in Article 2 and, on a subsidiary basis, manages the national activities for the benefit of individual Member States (Articles 10 and 12) as well as third States and bodies (Articles 11 and 12).
The National Civil Aviation Agency (ANAC)
The National Civil Aviation Agency is a Public Administrative Establishment (EPA) created by Ordinance No. 05-024 ratified by Law 05-066 AN RM of December 26, 2005 and replaced by Law No. 2011 -014 of May 19, 2011 on the Civil Aviation Code .
Its missions are:
- Participate in the development of civil aviation regulations in accordance with the standards of the International Civil Aviation Organization and community provisions and monitor the application of these regulations;
- Monitor the application of Civil Aviation safety and security rules;
- Plan, coordinate and supervise all Civil Aviation activities;
- Supervise Air Navigation services;
- Develop, implement and monitor aviation training policy.
The Mali Airport Assistance Company (ASAM)
Created in 2007 , ASAM’s activity is to negotiate contracts with airlines in order to fulfill all their obligations on the ground: Handling of passengers, their luggage, freight, flight operations, the operational implementation of specialized equipment, cabin cleaning and other services essential to any company for the needs of an aircraft.
With a capital of 1 billion FCFA distributed between the Malian state up to 51%, national private operators up to 30%, the technical and financial partner up to 15% and workers up to 4%.
Air transport companies
They provide air transport for passengers and their luggage. On the Bamako platform, there are two main types of airlines: regular airlines and general aviation. In Bamako, there are currently 17 regular companies. As for general aviation, the most important in Mali is SAS (Sahel Aviation Services).
Brokers (intermediaries with those who bring planes to Mali
The airline broker represents the airlines. He is responsible for finding passenger and freight transport solutions for his clients. The profession of air broker, also known as air broker, was born in Great Britain in the years 1950 . It was only in the years 1990 that this profession developed in France.
Brokers are mostly generalists and offer their services to find cargo and passenger type planes.
They act as intermediaries for the airlines and take care above all of the commercial part, in particular the sale and exchange of tickets, changes in travel dates.
Grouped together in a pole, the oil tankers supply the planes with fuel on the tarmac.
Customs at airports play a key role in the safety of passengers but also in the economy of the country. Customs have several missions. One is to collect compulsory duties and taxes due to the entry of goods on individual journeys or importation in a commercial setting.
Another customs mission is to guarantee the security of the country, by controlling arrivals, and people in the territory.
The role of customs is also to enforce the prohibitions or sanctions suffered by some for certain products for certain destinations, as in the case of an embargo.
Customs missions are therefore security, economic and fiscal.
The Air and Border Police (PAF) primarily deal with immigration and also participate in the security and screening of passengers and their hand luggage.
On the Bamako Platform, it is called the Air Transport Group (GTA). She takes care of the surveillance of the airport domain and the safety of the runway, when the planes are parked. It also ensures the good circulation of vehicles, and compliance with the operating rules of the track.
Its main missions are; Security: This concerns the protection of civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference; control of companies implementing security measures at airports and in freight zones; protection of civil aviation facilities, passengers, aircraft, authorities, etc. by strengthening regulatory controls; – airport assessment and control. The judicial police: observation of crimes and offenses related to civil aviation (financial fraud, illegal work, harm to property and people, illegal overflights, particularly by drones, illegal imports, trafficking in narcotics, weapons, objects art, luxury goods, counterfeit aircraft parts, baggage theft, freight theft, bank card scams….); investigations in the event of air accidents in Mali and abroad when Malian passengers are victims. Indeed, two investigations are being carried out. A security investigation is being carried out by the Bureau Investigation Analysis (BEA) in parallel with the judicial investigation carried out by the GTA soldiers, in order to establish criminal liability).
Additional security elements (Sécuricom, AEROSEC, EAS) are used by airlines to strengthen the security part of airline operations. They are private actors.
Health services play a public health role. The agents check the vaccinations of passengers and ensure compliance with health rules by all operators and users of the Airport.
The phytosanitary service takes care of the surveillance of all agricultural and herbicultural products.
The veterinary service takes care of all animal and animal products, dead or alive. It also monitors their state of health.
They ensure the provision of the needs of staff, passengers and the public. City side commerce and commerce inside the Terminal.
The Baggage Handlers
Commonly called porters, have a contract with ADM through which, they load and manage the carts, arrange them at the places indicated, help passengers to transport their luggage to get them out of the delivery area or meet them at the parking lot to bring them at the recording level. The porter service is not free. They are entitled to tips that the beneficiaries must give them, the rates of which are fixed.
The main actor around for whom all activities are carried out, the passenger is a person who travels in a vehicle but who assumes little or no responsibility for the tasks required for this vehicle to reach its destination. Vehicles can be automobiles, bicycles, motorcycles, buses, trains, airliners, ships, among others.
In air transport, crew members, as well as the driver or pilot of the aircraft, are not generally considered to be passengers.
For example, a cabin crew of an airline is not considered a duty passenger and the same applies to those who work in the kitchen or restaurant on board a cruise ship as well as the staff. cleaning, but an employee traveling in a company vehicle driven by another person would be considered a passenger, even if the car is being driven on company business.